Hydraulic Motor - Piston category
Axial piston Motors are displacement machines in which the pistons are arranged in parallel to the axis of rotation of a cylinder barrel. The conversion of the rotating drive motion into a backwards and forwards movement of the pistons takes place in accordance with 3 main principles. These are described in the following: All versions are suitable for both pump and motor operation.
Swash-Plate Hydraulic Motor
In this version, the cylinder barrel is driven and, as a result, the pistons which are located and guided in the barrel rotate with it. In the axial direction, the movement of the pistons is determined by the swash-plate which is attached to the motor housing. This swash-plate can be pivoted with reference to the vertical axis passing through the drive shaft. The hydraulic motor displacement volume is determined by the angle at which the swash-plate is inclined from the vertical. This principle makes it possible for the hydraulic motor to be reversible. In the case of constant-capacity hydraulic motors, the swash-plate angle is not variable. During the suction phase, the pistons move out of the barrel and are forced against the swash plate by a special retaining plate. During the pressure phase, the swash plate forces the pistons back into the barrel. The rotating pistons move in an elliptical orbit against the stationary swash plate. Friction is held to an absolute minimum by slipper pads or axial bearings. A form of slot control is used to ensure that the delivery flow from the individual pistons is in the same direction, and that the piston ports are connected to the pressure or suction connection at the right moment. The slot control is located in a stationary control plate against which the cylinder barrel rotates with its piston port face.